Unmanaged versus managed changes

Unmanaged versus Managed Changes

Where time is invested

How Energy is Invested

Which Resources Are Used

Unmanaged Change


  • Rework

  • Enforcement

  • Compliance

  • Supervision

  • Senior management and key players only

Managed Change


  • Education

  • Communication

  • Planning

  • Improvements

  • Value Added

  • Stakeholders (Internal)

  • Suppliers

  • Customers

Source: Project Management: A Systems Approach to Planning, Scheduling and Controlling by Harold R Kerzner (11th Edition).