An Alternative To The MBA?

The Master of Practising Administrators (MPA) by Mintzberg.

He offers a framework of five interventions that are necessary for improving management and leadership:

  • Managing self : the reflective mindset
  • Managing organizations: the analytic mindset
  • Managing context: the worldly mindset
  • Managing relationships: the collaborative mindset
  • Managing change: the action mindset.


Reference: The Evolution of Business Knowledge – Harry Scarborough , Oxford University Press